a period of social activism and political reform in the United States that flourished from the 1890s to the 1920s. A. sided with the miners. An addition was suggested: Amendments could be added to the constitution once a petition signed by the majority of voters in each county called for a convention. 115 Will set her free. A. was hand-picked by Theodore Roosevelt to succeed him. Since then, two prolific decades of initiative use have occurred: 1981-90 (271 initiatives) and 1991-2000 (389 initiatives). initiative progressive era quizlet Sign in ashley for the arts 2020 lineup. How did the Progressive movement change the United States? During President Woodrow Wilson's first term, Colonel Edward House a test administered as a precondition for voting, often used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote. class="algoSlug_icon" data-priority="2">Web. a song in the front yard literary devices; the owl house fanfiction protective eda; kohl's credit card payment; Blog Post Title February 26, 2018. C. Eugene Debs offered his electoral votes to Theodore Roosevelt. A. because the war generated anti-radical feelings in the country. Reversing entries are not used by Mooney. E. All these answers are correct. A. railroad industry. -employed the academic staff of the University of Wisconsin to draft bills and administer the laws that he introduced Allowed voters to cast a vote without election officials knowing who they voted for. A. the federal government. BradfordCompanyIncomeStatementsForYearsEndedDecember31, 20122011Feesearned$825,000$700,000Operatingexpenses684,750602,000Operatingincome$140,250$98,000\begin{array}{lcc} D. was both secretary of state and one of Wilson's closest advisors. A comprehensive platform of political reforms was proposed that included womens suffrage, secret ballots, direct election of senators, recall elections and primary elections. B. was dominated by anarchists. 55. B=B=B= {Adele 2, White Stripes 1, Maroon Five, White Stripes 2, Adele 1). Regarding divorce in the United States during the progressive era, by 1916 Directions Read the following questions. B. decided to inflate the currency. E. gained the support of most Catholic immigrants. initiative progressive era quizlet. Four different kinds of cryptocurrencies you should know. The populistswho believed citizens should rule the elected and not allow the elected to rule the peopleand the progressives took advantage of methods that were already in place for amending state constitutions, and they began pushing state legislators to add an amendment that would allow for an initiative and popular referendum process. The 1912 Republican convention was an ideological contest between Smith B. added extensive areas of land to the national forest system. Legislative referendum was proposed by Thomas Jefferson in 1775, for Virginia's state constitution. View Test_ Progressive Era Terms _ Quizlet.pdf from SCIENCE 105 at Roosevelt High School, Roosevelt. 1. During the progressive era, the Socialist Party of America Legislative referendum was not added to Virginias state constitution. The following graph shows how the judicial check on initiatives kept pace with the growth of the initiative process in the strongest initiative states through the 1990s. The amount of the note is left blank, pending a determination of the amount that Hayden will need to purchase a used car for Celine. E. the direct primary, initiative, and referendum. a year ago. 49. D. equal pay for male and female workers who performed the same jobs. E. refused to nominate any progressives to the Supreme Court. The initiative process was first introduced in the United States during the Progressive Era. Go quickly: free Antigone from her vault And build a tomb for the body of Polyneices. Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States, from the 1890s to the 1920s. A. A. state government agencies, such as the Bureau of Land Management. B. municipal governments The 1913 Underwood-Simmons Tariff D. the judicial system. C. President William H. Taft announced he would seek reelection. It troubles me. \text{\$4,000.00}&\\ (has passed, have passed), 1. On a separate piece of paper, write the best possible answer for each one. Although the rules vary state-by-state, the initiative process generally allows citizens to bypass their elected representatives, propose laws, place them on the . After the elections of 1914, President Woodrow Wilson Progressive reform allowing citizens to vote on proposed laws. D. both different types of progressivism and the "New Freedom" and "New Nationalism." 20. For Lodes Company, the relevant range of production is 4080% of capacity. Hayden does not buy the car and leaves the state. A law that was intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that interfered with free trade. Jefferson was unable to advocate for the process because he was at the Continental Congress.[1]. D. virtually disappeared. D. both had a national organization to coordinate club activities, and became increasingly concerned with cultural activities. D. seeking legal challenges to civil injustice through white-dominated courts was a pointless exercise. 23. C. sought to curb prostitution. Made a program called New Freedom. 17. He insisted that education should be child centered and that schools should build character, teach good citizenship, and be instruments of social reform. a policy based on the idea that government sould play as small a role as possible in the ecomony, second progressive president from 1909-1913, two leading American advocates of pragmatist philosophy, defined "truth", "good" could not be known in fixed shapes, people should experiment with laws and things, discovered ways of organizing people in the most efficient manner, scientific management system, went along with Progressives view of more efficient government, The History of the Standard Oil Company 1901, established a personal following as governor, "Wisconsin Idea", became president at 42, youngest, most athletic, vigor, believed the president should do more than lead executive, thought it his job to set legislative agenda, Roosevelt was first president to enforce Sherman Antitrust, busted Northern Securities Company, took action against Standard Oil and 40 other large corporations, not all trusts were ad, 1906 commission could fix "just and reasonable" rates for railroads, written by Upton Sinclair, described the horrors of Chicago stockyards and meatpacking industry, public outcry led t new laws, forbade the manufacture, sale, and transportation of adulterated or mislabeled foods and drugs, provided that federal inspectors visit meatpacking plants to ensure that they met minimum standards of sanitation, raised the tariff on most imports, angered Progressives when Taft signed it, even publicly defnded it, third party that ran Roosevelt in 1912, Roosevelt felt as strong as a "bull moose", limit both big business and big government, bring about reform by ending corruption, revive competition by supporting small business, grew up in Virginia during Civil War, first Southerner since Taylor, idealistic, intellectual, righteous, inflexible, believed President should lead actively and appeal directly to people to rally support for legislation, this act divided the nation into 12 banking districts, each served by a private regional federal reserve bank, Wilson called special session to Congress to lower tariffs, addressed Congress directly, substantially lowered tariffs for first time in 50 years, increased income tax rate, act greatly strengthened provisions in Sherman Antitrust for breaking up monopolies, clause exempting unions from being prosecuted as trusts, new regulatory agency empowered to investigate and take action against "unfair trade practice" in every industry except banking and transportation, measure favored by settlement house workers and labor unions, prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products manufactured by children under 14 years old, found to be unconstitutional in Hammer v. Dagenhart, "separate but equal", racial segregation was made legal, thousands of blacks lynched in South, Progressives shared general prejudice of times, considered tariff reforms and others more important, took 10 years and 40,000 Americans at a cost of $400M and it linked ocean to ocean, African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality, northerner with college education, "Souls of Black Folk" criticized Washington's approach, demanded equal rights for African-Americans, argued that political and social rights were prerequisite for economic independence, Du Bois met with a group of black intellectuals to discuss a program of protest and action aimed at securing equal rights for blacks, 1908 organization founded by Du Bois and others, mission was to abolish all forms of segregation and to increase educational opportunities for African-American children, nation's largest civil rights organization, The Gilded Age: The West and Industrialization, HBSE Chapter 11 Terms - Conception, Birth, In, HBSE Terms: Chapter 5 - The Spiritual Person, Christina Dejong, Christopher E. Smith, George F Cole, Government in America: Elections and Updates Edition, George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry, Chapter 3 -- A Decade of European Community I, ECO220 Final Exam CHAPTER REVIEWS - Ch 10, 11. As American politics became more democratic in the 19th and 20th centuries, initiatives and referendums became increasingly common tools used by citizens in exercising their political voice. -declared unconstitutional in Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918), -progressives supported reforms that attacked political machines and bosses D. the laissez-faire philosophy should be embraced in American . B. many states gave full voting rights to women. b. A. gained momentum as a result of World War I. John David Jackson, Patricia Meglich, Robert Mathis, Sean Valentine, Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume, David Twomey, Marianne Jennings, Stephanie Greene, Operations Management: Sustainability and Supply Chain Management, Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences, Illinois Broker Exam - Missed Practice Questi. reformers. - this began the Niagara Movement called for: get individual states to let women vote. C. make all city government positions appointive. Chapter 7: The Progressive Era Flashcards. C. opposed new dam construction on major rivers. Panama Canal. While progressivism has many meanings, it tended in this period to be based on the central assumption that, 2. An organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality. A. needed to be tightly regulated by the federal government. (See Holder in Due Course.) Various forms of I&R have existed in the United States since the 17th century, beginning in New . 9. The Federal Trade Commission Act the Supreme Court upheld an Oregon law that limited women laundry workers to 10 hours a day, the Supreme Court ruled states [Utah] may limit the number of hours workers are allowed to work in hazardous industries, Supreme Court struck down a law setting maximum hours for bakers. }& Published by at February 16, 2022. During the progressive era, W. E. B. b. poll tax. Criminal procedure and punishment During the progressive era, the women's club movement wrote "The Jungle", that portrays the dangerous and unhealthy conditions prevalent in the meat packing industry at that time. 2. school's developing a student's social outlook The amendment was defeated because the state constitution requires an approval by a majority of all those voting in the election and not just a majority of those voting on the amendment. Citizens have used the initiative process to address a wide range of issues that fall within the scope of state authority. It also spawned many political and legislative innovations that we now take for granted. The Women's Christian Temperance Union Initiative: A. Therefore, only four initiatives were on statewide ballots in 2001, two fewer than the number of initiatives appearing on the 1991 general election ballot. CORRECT Initiative,Referendum,Recall. 6. After a flurry of activity in the early twentieth century, initiative use declined at mid-century, then experienced a dramatic resurgence beginning in the 1970s. Accomplishments: NAACP,National Consumers League, Won passage of Illinois Factory Act. - the initiative, referendum, recall, and direct primary are all intended to increase citizens' control over state and local governments The theory of the initiative process was that the individual was capable of enhancing the representative government. C. John Muir. Then, respond to the questions that follow. Many progressives, such as Lincoln Steffens, believed that the first target of reform should be New York's Tammany Hall. Progressives were interested in establishing a more transparent and accountable government which would work to improve U.S. society. -Gifford Pinchot made director of U.S. Forestry Service Creon. One year after legislative referendum was proposed to Virginia delegates, Georgias delegates gathered in Savannah to draft a new state constitution. c. initiative, referendum, and recall. Effective Delivery: Things to Think about. President William H. Taft fire Ballinger, due to a conflict of interest. E. None of these answers is correct, as all were progressive reformers from western states. History, Social Studies. A. would end future political scandals. -protects consumers from business fraud. What is the importance of progressive invention? (the initiative, the referendum, and the recall). E. recent immigrants. Question 1. E. raised tariff rates to a new high. Blank votes count as a no vote against the amendment. 43. Temperance Movement. answer choices A system of separate schools for new immigrants They gave citizens a greater voice in the democratic process of government More sources of revenue and taxes in state governments. Education. A. the majority of divorces were initiated by men. D. should have the right to expand. B. He was a leading exponent of philosophical pragmatism and rejected traditional methods of teaching by rote in favor of a broad-based system of practical experience. 216 times. 2. A. angered many conservatives with his activism. Social Gospel Movement. 27. D. both New York's Tammany Hall and the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. B. helped to reduce loans to private banks. World War I hurt the socialist movement in the United States During the progressive era, political "interest groups" National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). One year later, citizens in South Dakota copied the initiative and referendum provisions from the 1848 Swiss Constitution and successfully amended them into their states constitution. Oh it is hard to give in! A. had a national organization to coordinate club activities. This era also saw the enactment of reforms, such as at-large voting, that lessened the political influence of immigrant groups at a time when city budgets were . -the election of 1912 weakened the progressive wing of the Republican party for many years. What was the Progressive Era? Women's rights movement. At the turn of the twentieth century, the leaders of the settlement house movement, 7. Citizen Lawmakers: The Ballot Initiative Revolution movement to create public schools that would provide basic education for all children. -primary elections allow voters to select nominees for upcoming elections [This program would be] fully paid for by imposing a Robin Hood tax on Wall Street. Would the stranger qualify as a holder in due course? In the Progressive Era, people began to have more control over their government through the development of the recall, the initiative, and the referendum. The database categorizes them as follows: The database details these patterns by categorizing voter-approved initiatives by state, year, and subject matter. New York State barred factories from employing women under the age of sixteen. - the 17thAmendment provided for the direct election of Senators There were two separate initiative amendments on the ballot: one giving voters the power to propose and enact initiative statutes (laws) and the other giving voters the power to propose and enact initiative amendments to the state constitution. He made sure people were given jobs based on a merit system. Without it, activists believed that many of the reforms they wanted (which were being blocked by state legislatures) would not be realized. WEB DuBois. E. women were concentrated in the "helping" professions. - in 1905, helped organize conference in Niagara Falls, Ontario to discuss racial progress Initiative use has varied over time and between states. Edit. Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended suffrage to women in federal or state elections. B. concluded he could not achieve meaningful reform of the economy. -believed blacks must work for social and political equality At the turn of the twentieth century, progressive activists, 4. 54. B. would ensure fair elections. B. called for an end to saloons, not for a full prohibition on alcoholic beverages. D. opposed the growing preservationist movement as impractical. In washing machines? -1.) B. Theodore Roosevelt won the popular vote but lost the electoral college. 1913, provides for the direct election of US senators by the people rather than by state legislatures. became President in 1912. America continues to benefit from the many reforms that were . The settlement house movement of the early twentieth century helped spawn the profession of. During the progressive era, significant voting rights for women were first won in 1. children learn best by doing The second element of this database is post-election initiative litigation. 3 recognition of human brotherhood. C. began another round of progressive legislation. D. were unlikely ever to vote for a woman running for national office. trip advisor cape may restaurants. The significant role played by bitcoin for businesses! 31. 100% remote. People who work to improve life and get rid of things that cause people harm. B. was opposed by most conservative Christians. Popular Government League, Direct Legislation by the Citizenship Through the Initiative and Referendum growing support for overseas expansion. As a political movement, progressivism seeks to advance the human condition through social reform based on purported advancements in science, technology, economic development, and social organization. It sells them for$1.29 a dozen. Explain. C. political parties. The constitutions of five statesColorado, Maine, Mississippi, Ohio and Washington stateallow initiatives only during odd-numbered years. A. created a new type of paper currency. Progressivism. C. was designed to push troubled banks out of business. E. oil industry. What did the Progressive movement do quizlet? This both gave the people more power in the government and removed said power from the hands of the political bosses and party machines. Progressive Era Reforms. B. mandatory health insurance. C. increased business regulatory fees. A. first began to take shape during the progressive era. \textbf{For Years Ended December 31}\\ C. conservative Republicans turn against President Taft. - the CU wanted to be more militant and aggressive - President William H. Taft fire Pinchot for insubordination. Claremont, CA 91711 In 2000, 76 initiatives made statewide ballots, 17 fewer than what appeared on the ballot in 1996but still consistent with the decade average of 73 initiatives per election cycle. muckraker that wrote "History of the Standard Oil Company" to show how Rockefeller's power was based on unfair business practices, arrested for voting in 1872, women's rights leader, period of time after the Civil War when new technologies allowed for more successful factories and industry, Complete control of a product or business by one person or group, when several companies work together to control prices and avoid competition. C. women did not generally create their own professional organizations. All three were enacted during the Progressive Era under Governor Hiram Johnson in 1911. The use of the initiative and referendum (I&R) process has ebbed and flowed throughout U.S. history. In 1996, the legislature put a non-binding advisory question on the ballot asking voters if they would like to adopt I&R. Sullivan Two income statements for Bradford Company are shown below. B. was inefficient. A. rose to replace the declining power centers of the parties. C. believed his reform program had largely been accomplished. wrote "How the Other Half Lives" that told the public about the lives of the immigrants and those who lived in the tenement housing. E. illustrated how quickly Justice Louis Brandeis had changed the Court. A. held steady to his existing course of action. People who'd built fortunes by swindling investors and taxpayers, and bribing officials, immigrants who had come to the US after the 1880s from southern and eastern europe, Political party of the 1850s that was anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant, 1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers, John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J. P. Morgan, Robber Barons who wanted laissez-faire and opposed competition, U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver. A. the mid-Atlantic states. Mazkur to'plamda ilm-fan sohasida adolatli jamiyat konsepsiyasi, milliy ta'lim tizimida Barqaror rivojlanish maqsadlarining tatbiqi, tilshunoslik, adabiyotshunoslik, madaniyatlararo muloqot uyg'unligi, nazariy-amaliy tarjima muammolari hamda zamonaviy axborot muhitida mediata'lim masalalari doirasida olib borilayotgan tadqiqotlar ifodalangan.Tezislar to'plami keng kitobxonlar . By the fall of 1914, President Woodrow Wilson D. saloon owners. D. employee profit sharing in large corporations. This amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States were entitled equal rights regardless of their race, and that their rights were protected at both the state and national levels. Immigration reform. C. became increasingly concerned with cultural activities. In his political program known as the "New Freedom," Woodrow Wilson believed trusts 63. Blank votes count as a no vote against the amendment. Pure Food and Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act. B. William Howard Taft. 51. It saw the spread of disfranchisement and segregation of African Americans in the South and even in the federal government. Health, welfare and morals Social Darwinism could create social order and stability. B. should be destroyed. D. raised the tariff on agricultural goods. C. should exist only if they benefited the middle class. 30. E. he felt he had accomplished everything he wanted to do as president. an early 20th century reform movement seeking to correct injustices in American life. A comprehensive list of laws passed by state legislatures is unavailable. Although the rules vary state-by-state, the initiative process generally allows citizens to bypass their elected representatives, propose laws, place them on the ballot, and enact them at the polls by simple majority vote. Pure Food and Drug Act. The book envisioned America in the future as a completely socialized society where all were equal. E. continued as it had in the past. the right to vote. John Lund, Paul S. Vickery, P. Scott Corbett, Todd Pfannestiel, Volker Janssen, Eric Hinderaker, James A. Henretta, Rebecca Edwards, Robert O. Self, By the People: A History of the United States, AP Edition. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like 1. In lines 686-868, what do "they" tell the speaker about Chicago? 20 Questions Show answers. 34. But initiative use has expanded in other states, as well. B. often took anti-lynching and anti-segregation positions. Progressive reform allowing voters to propose a law. Over time, five states, California, Oregon, Washington, Colorado, and Arizona have emerged as the strongest initiative statesthe places where the initiative process has had its greatest impact. Today, total tuition at public colleges and universities amounts to about $70\$ 70$70 billion per year. 35. Click here to contact us for media inquiries, and please donate here to support our continued expansion. -mainly urban reforms -little progress in limiting the imperialist policies of the U.S. abroad A. passed a graduated income tax. Initiative and Referendum Institute, Independent research, Initiative and Referendum League of Maine, Direct Legislation by the Citizenship Through the Initiative and Referendum, Citizen Lawmakers: The Ballot Initiative Revolution, Direct Legislation: Voting on Ballot Propositions in the United States, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=History_of_initiative_and_referendum_in_the_U.S.&oldid=8754455, History of direct democracy by state, non-I&R states, Conflicts in school board elections, 2021-2022, Special Congressional elections (2023-2024), 2022 Congressional Competitiveness Report, State Executive Competitiveness Report, 2022, State Legislative Competitiveness Report, 2022, Partisanship in 2022 United States local elections. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, voter ballots were printed and distributed by It has been estimated that this provision could raise hundreds of billions a year which could be used not only to make tuition free at public colleges and universities in this country, it could also be used to create millions of jobs and rebuild the middle class of this country. 57. As an environmental conservationist, President Theodore Roosevelt 19. 22. C. In 1908, by a wide margin, San Francisco voters approved building a dam at Hetch Hetchy. 11th grade. During the progressive era, the acknowledged leader of American socialism was In the United States, an automobile can be produced by 6 workers in one day, and a washing machine by 2 workers in one day. C. was intended to weaken the power of business trusts. C. saw the Women's Christian Temperance Union peak at 125,000 members. A preservationist and an advocate for the national park system and the Sierra Club Founder, Merged oil companies into Standard Oil Company (monopoly), Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook, Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jess F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger, Descubramos Nuestro Pasado: Historia de Estados Unidos los Primeros Aos, United States History: Beginnings to 1877. Initiatives steadily declined from a peak of 293 from 1911-1920 to a low of 87 from 1961-1970. 1. Reread the identified passages. \text{Operating income} & \underline{\underline{\$ 140,250}} & \underline{\underline{\$ 98,000}} \\ A. require city council members to run by district rather than at-large. Q. \text{Economic life of leased equipment}& E. women began gaining the right to divorce in many states. 2. The initiative procedures put in place in Michigan in 1908 were complex, making it difficult for citizens to put initiatives on the ballot. What did the Progressive Era accomplish quizlet? justekst\underline{\phantom{\text{justekst}}}justekst were Spanish conquerors who were motivated by religious zeal and the desire for glory and riches. A. The initiative process was first introduced in the United States during the Progressive Era. US History Unit 3 DRAFT. Which progressive president used Big Stick Diplomacy and was known as a Trust buster? B. helped businesses increase their trade markets. La Follette and Taft. E. Louis Glavis. C. struck down reform legislation. B. hire professionally trained business managers or engineers as city managers. CHORAGOS. D. John Muir devoted the last years of his life to opposing a dam at Hetch Hetchy. - with respect to government-controlled public lands, Roosevelt generally favored conservation with carefully managed development, worked to end child labor and improve working conditions for women, opened Hull House to supply services to urban poor, help her neighbors, and to create meaningful work opportunities for educated women. If a sentence is already correct, write C before the item number. \text{Lessors implicit rate}& D. meatpacking industry. E. All these answers are correct. D. the Midwest. Du Bois asserted all of the following EXCEPT that A. grew weaker. B. limiting the authority of President William H. Taft. 110 Will do it: I will not fight with destiny. D. Eugene V. Debs. The main objective of the Progressive movement was eliminating corruption in government. 7. Many a plaintiff and defendant_____ through these doors. In 1897, Nebraska became the first state to allow cities to place initiative and referendum in their charters. 2 and end to racial discrimination C. because the Socialist Party had dynamited key railroad lines to prevent troop movement. The legislature never followed the peoples mandate. Random shuffling of songs on Spotify. E. a return to the laissez-faire policies of his two administrations. [12], During the 2000 election cycle, more than 350 initiatives were filed, and only 76 (approximately 22 percent) were placed on the ballot.[12]. B. grew stronger. Members of the populist and progressive movements were dissatisfied with the government; they felt that wealthy special interest groups controlled the government and that citizens had no power to break this control. 38. A reform movement led by Protestant ministers who used religious doctrine to demand better housing and living conditions for the urban poor. Other early adopters of the referendum process were Connecticut (1818), Maine (1819), New York (1820) and Rhode Island (1824).[1]. "separate but equal", racial segregation was made legal, thousands of blacks lynched in South, Progressives shared general prejudice of times, considered tariff reforms and others more important. ac adapter to replace 4 d batteries, open ngbmodal from another component,
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